Thursday, May 23, 2019

Arguments of Peter Singer

Singers goal in the article Famine, Affluence and Morality is to enchant pot to think contrastingly about famine relief, charity, and morality. These ar key issues that people motivating to be much(prenominal) aware of and act on them. passel who are financi altogethery stable and comfortably off should take more of an active role by giving more. They should feel obligated in back up those in need. There are umpteen people suffering severely, those who can sponsor are doing nothing. People should be more willing to deed over help rather than being obtuse & self-centered.Singer argues it is wrong for a person to suffer from homelessness, hunger, or lack of medical attention. These needs are essential in life and without them can alimentally lead to ones death. Another argument Singer gives is if a person is wealthy, they are more than capable to help others financially. They need to feel obligated to do so. Instead of a person spending money on extras and materialistic it ems for themselves, they should donate that money to the distressing. The money should help with necessities for the poor and uplift them. On the same point he points out, one should not sacrifice if it would put them in harms way.Singers fancy of marginal utility is that one should give as much as possible to the unfortunate it should never create a hardship to the giver. This would be doing more harm than good. When a person contributes to the poor, it should not financially affect their lifestyle by putting them in debt, homeless, or without food. People that are wealthy and advantageously off should donate to the people that are unfortunate and suffering. It would be morally correct to help the less fortunate. An argument Singer makes is the distinction between a duty and charity.He states, That a duty is an action that is an obligation and charity is an action of something that is good to do but not obligated (Singer, 1972, p. 232). An example he gives is if a child were dro wning, it would be a persons duty and obligation to help to save the child from drowning. Singer questions why this is any different from charity. Charity is generosity and helpfulness especially toward the needy or suffering also aid addicted to those in need (Dunignan, 2013). Singer feels that people that retain the means and are able to help by giving money to the poor should feel obligated and it be there duty.They should be obligated to do this because it is a persons duty to help others from suffering. He does not understand why a person should feel they take hold a election to prevent help suffering, it should be a duty that we have an obligation to do. An argument I would have with Singer is about being fair and right. I do not agree that all people need to be obligated to give away their hard-earned money to the poor. I would agree that people who are born into wealth or have received a large inheritance should be obligated to donate and not the people that have worked many years to get to that state.People born into wealth or have received a large inheritance have been given a gift. Therefore, they should be inclined to share the gift by giving some of the money to the poor. (If money is a gift to a family or they were born into it, they should donate and give to the poor. They did not work for the money it was a gift, therefore a person should feel obligated as their duty to give to the poor. ) People that are well off because of many hours or having multiple jobs should not have to give their money away to the poor.They have worked hard to receive it so they would not have to live paycheck to paycheck. I think these types of people have earned the right to live comfortably and do what they want with their money. They have put the clipping and work into making the money and it should be theirs to do what they want. Famine, Affluence, and Morality was written in response to an immediate humanitarian crisis. In November 1971, the confluence of w ar, poverty, and natural happening had created nine million refugees in East Bengal, and Singer was appealing for immediate life-saving aid (Jamiesom, 2005, p. 153). An Irish rock musician, Bob Geldof, immediately rushed into the studio with an all star line-up to record Do they Know Its Christmas? The record sold nearly 4 million copies in the United Kingdom alone, and was quickly followed by We Are the World, produced by Quincy Jones, in the United States.Geldof went on the organized the LiveAid concert the following July, which was broadcast simultaneously from London and Philadelphia, and viewed by 1. 5 billion people around the world. The records and concert ultimately raised between $100 and $500 million for famine relief in Africa (Jamiesom, 2005, p. 53-154). These celebrity-driven, media-centered projects were valuable for a number of reasons. They created cognizance of suffering in Africa, motivated people to act, and raised large sums of money(Jamiesom, 2005, p. 154). S ince 1972, the a lot more wealth people have stepped up into given aid to the poverty stricken. The article did raise awareness off the issue that needed to be addressed. In my opinion the wealthy have become more proactive in helping the poverty stricken. Leaving the middle class to do what they can when they can.ReferencesDuignan, B. (2013). Encyclopedia Britannica. http// checked/topic/1053194/Peter-Singer Jamiesom, D. (2005). Duties to the distanceAid, assitance, and intervention in the developing world. The Journal of ethics, 9, 151-170. http// doi http// Singer, P. (1972, Spring). Famine,affluence,and morality. Philosophy and public affairs, 1, 229-243. http//

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