Sunday, June 2, 2019

Expert Systems In Health Care :: essays research papers

A case referring to the beneficial use of the expert systems in the health sector was the attempt of the LDS Hospital in Salt Lake city,Utah to build &8220 the most complex artificial intelligence system ever created according to the words of DR David Classen.Its name was AIC or &8220Antibiotic Computer Consultant and it was rive of HELP(Health Evaluation through Logical Processing), which was LDS&8217s hospital information system. The latter was existed, before the implementation of the Expert System.The role of AIC was to help doctors determine proper antibiotic drug treatment for specific patients.Achieving the specific purpose,the Expert System followed the above stages1) The doctor turned to the system with information on the infection type and site, and also determine the patient to the computer.2) The system determined the pathogens, which are likely to have caused the infection.3) The software examined the patient&8217s medical records( through the HELP information system ) and searched for similar cases nationwide.4) Finally, it displayed the atomic number 23 most likely antibiotic regimens to be effective and the cost of the prescription for each one.Altough,the system was extremely rewarding and expanded to include other cases involving antibiotics, almost criticisms were made against it. It was stated that the system was unwieldy and that physicians had to enter much information, which was useless.Of course, the best answer came straightly from the physicians, who highlighted many important benefits of the AIC. The 88% of them believed that the use of AIC was very simple and they would advise it to other colleagues. Another 85% stated that the program improved their selection of antibiotics, and 81% agreed that it enhanced patient care. Concerning its usability, doctors access into the system 3 measure a day.

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